Remote digital mapping for site specific weed management
Award last edited on: 2/28/02

Sponsored Program
Awarding Agency
Total Award Amount
Award Phase
Solicitation Topic Code

Principal Investigator
Lowell D Hanson

Company Information

Field Control Systems Inc

PO Box 10851
White Bear Hill Lake, MN 55110
   (612) 426-8764
Location: Single
Congr. District: 04
County: Ramsey

Phase I

Contract Number: ----------
Start Date: 00/00/00    Completed: 00/00/00
Phase I year
Phase I Amount
Recent developments in electronics and computers are fostering practical products for mapping and spatial control of crop production variables. Harvest yield maps, field positioning, and on-the-go agricultural chemical rate and blend changes are being offered to American and Western European agriculture. Access to accurate spatial information derived from aerial information has been demonstrated by ARS and other researchers. This project will study the feasibility of using video generated maps of weed infestation in wheat and N deficiency in sugarbeet fields in a near-real-time land management system. Video scenes will be obtained, registered into map control and converted to a data format recognized by the Land-Trak System. This new electronic monitor/controller set of products, marketed by Micro-Trak Systems, provides a new, more precise level of spatial application control of agricultural chemicals.

Anticipated Results:
Specific guidelines and recommendations on the application of videography in crop production. They may include, but not be limited to, the type of equipment to use, how high to fly when collecting video data, which observation angles are most effective when employing videography in field mapping, and effective processing and interpretation of video data.

Phase II

Contract Number: ----------
Start Date: 00/00/00    Completed: 00/00/00
Phase II year
Phase II Amount
A 1993 Phase I project demonstrated the feasibility of mapping wild oat (Avena fatua) infestations in Red River Valley, ND wheat fields with an accuracy of 80% to 94%. Color film and digital imagery was acquired and converted to digital files used for site-specific application of Tiller herbicide. May/June operations in time for same season control resulted in savings of $1,080/80 acres. The Phase II project will build on feasibility study results to determine the best cost/performance aerial imaging methods, range of weed species, crop conditions and application controller for commercial site-specific weed management. Research will focus on weed problems associated with small grain and sugarbeet crops in the Red River Valley of ND and MN, and corn/soybean crop sequence in southwest MN and northwest IA. GPS, radar sensor and tram lines will be used for field position information. Midwest Technologies, Springfield, IL, an agricultural electronic controller manufacturer, and CENTROL Crop Consultants will participate in the project and commercialization of developed products and services. Midwest Technologies, has national and international distribution. CENTROL, Twin Valley, MN, with 17 crop consultants, anticipates 4,500 contracted acres in 1994. CENTROL, Cottonwood, MN. with 13 consultants anticipates 2,500 acres.

Anticipated Results:
An integrated system providing a 3 day delivery of accurate field map data for direct control of site-specific herbicide or cultural weed control. Reports can also be used for subsequent analysis of crop conditions. The system will include acquisitions of aerial imagery, interpretation/conversion of data files, and crop management support software. Procedures will be automated with computer tools to the extent feasible.